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Siena

Experience the history of the city

By walking in the streets of Siena it is easy to understand why its historic centre has been put under the protection of Unesco since 1995 for having well preserved its medieval identity, that is perfectly integrated into the surrounding countryside and characterised by the antagonism with the ancient rival Florence.
Siena experienced its greatest flourishing age between the end of the XII century and the beginning of the XIV century, when the town was able to control most of the lines of land communication of the present Tuscany.

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siena


The old “Santa Maria della Scala” hospital, situated just in front of the cathedral and now turned into a museum complex
, represented a stopping place of primary importance for the pilgrims coming from France and northern Europe, who were affording the long and dangerous travel across the “Via Francigena” to get to Rome and needed to have a rest.
This healthy period for Siena was finely represented into the wonderful fresco called “Buon Governo” painted by Ambrogio Lorenzetti (1338) inside the “Palazzo Pubblico”, that shows the whole town that is celebrating, with a lot of shops and new mansions under construction.

The great stimulus to build peculiar to that age, led to the polychrome-marbles cathedral building on the highest hill of the town towards the end of the XIII century together with the “Piazza del Campo”, vibrant heart of the town, with its “Palazzo Pubblico” and the “Torre del Mangia” standing out against the sky, as a symbol of the free Sienese Republic. “Piazza del Campo” is well known all over the world for the Palio, the horse race that takes place every year on July 2nd and August 16th for ages. The Palio is not merely a horse race, but an absolute life allegory, where the fate, together with skill and astuteness, leads an only Contrada, among the 17 into which the town-centre is divided, to rejoice over the victory and receive the Palio, which is a hand painted silk banner made every year by a famous local or international artist, as a prize. 

palio-siena

In the early XIV century, the awareness of the great power achieved, made Sienese people believe they could build the biggest cathedral ever built in Europe before, but this dream was destroyed by the Black Death which spread in 1348 and by the frailty of the ground below. All the same, it is possible to observe what remains of that ambitious project: the very high and isolated unfinished façade, situated on the right side of the present cathedral and known as “Facciatone”.
After the recession of the middle of the XIV century, Siena was not able to recover its past glory and definitely lost its freedom in 1555, when it was annexed to the Florentine grand duchy. Even though several monuments and a lot of works of art were created during the following centuries, up till now Siena looks back nostalgically on the great medieval time.

Many important personalities were born in this land, like the famous painters of the early XIV century and the Renaissance sculptors and architects , but also the Saints Caterina and Bernardino; or the humanist Pope Pio II Piccolomini, who created the town of Pienza together with the architect Rossellino within the first half of the XV century, to arrive to modern age and meet the writer Federigo Tozzi and the famous rockstar Gianna Nannini. To the name Nannini, together with other great local pastry-making confectionery, it is linked up the old tradition of the typical Sienese sweets, like ricciarelli, panforte, panpepato, cantuccini and copate.


Here there are some exemples of itinerarys in the sienise district:

Siena and Palio
A visit to the city of Siena, through the most significant monument for the history of the Feast of the Palio, not only a horse race, ma but an essential element to understand Siena.

Silent Siena
This itinerary is for those who knows Siena, but they want to appreciate it more deeply, leaving the noising mains streets, immersing himself in small and silent alleys, where we can still breathe the air of a medieval city.

Siena between miracle and legend
The visit to some important palaces and churches of Siena will be just the inspiration to tell old legends miracles that occurred within the walls of Siena.

Rates Half Day
Groups (10-35 pax) 115 euro
Privatate tour up to 10 p. 125 euro

Rates Full Day
Groups (10-35 pax) 230 euro
Privatate tour up to 10 p. 250 euro

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Antico Borgo San Lorenzo

Loc. Pian dei Campi

53036 Poggibonsi (Siena) Toscana Italia

Tel. +39 0577 977110 Fax. +39 0577 979553

E-mail: info@anticoborgosanlorenzo.it

P.IVA 01032440529
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